Last month I had the privilege of representing NDSR and BHL on a global platform. I attended and presented a poster at iPRES, the major international conference on the preservation and long-term management of digital materials hosted at Kyoto University in Kyoto, Japan.
The official theme of iPres 2017 was, “Keeping Cultural Diversity for the Future in the Digital Space–from Pop Culture to Scholarly Information” and presentations covered everything from strategies for preserving ancient Chinese caves to challenges of preserving augmented reality games such as Pokemon Go. The unofficial mantra of the conference could be “digitization is not digital preservation.” While digitization is an important step in preserving culturally and historically important artifacts, it is not the end of the preservation lifecycle. Sustaining digital objects for long term preservation remains a challenge for professionals in this field, and iPres gives us the opportunity to share lessons and ideas with each other in order to be better stewards of digital items.
Last week I attended the Inaugural Digital Data in Biodiversity Research Conference sponsored by iDigBio, the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, the University of Michigan Herbarium, and the University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology. The conference brought together biodiversity researchers, data providers, data aggregators, collection managers, and librarians. We talked about creating digital biodiversity data, sharing this data and using it in research.
The presentations, posters and workshops highlighted research trends in biodiversity and projects that have open access missions similar to BHL’s. I was able to give a talk about using statistical analysis to calculate the size of biodiversity literature and present a poster about visually representing the collection at BHL.
The 385-acres of the Chicago Botanic Garden (CBG) could not be maintained without the work of dedicated staff, hundreds of volunteers, and careful data management. During my residency at CBG, my mentor, Leora Siegel, arranged an introductory meeting with the head of the Living Plant Documentation, Boyce Tankersley, to help me understand how the management of over 2.6 million plants is possible.
One of the few botanic gardens with AAM (American Alliance of Museums) accreditation, the Chicago Botanic Garden maintains records much like museums do, however, the collection items at CBG happen to be living (and thus can die, move, create new items, etc.). Each plant that enters the collection is given an accession number and deemed to be a member of the permanent collection or given “seasonal” status as a part of a temporary collection (like the orchids that were on view in the orchid show that closed at the end of March). This data is all managed through an internal database.
One of the first steps of performing a collection analysis is to define the scope of the collection. While I am focused on analyzing the corpus of BHL for my project, this collection only represents a subset of all biodiversity literature. After defining the scope of biodiversity literature, we can start to understand the coverage of the BHL collection and identify its gaps to target future digitization.
The term “biodiversity” is a contraction of “biological diversity,” first used in 1986 during the planning meeting for National Forum on BioDiversity.1 Simply put, biodiversity is “the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.”2 All living life and their environments–quite a large scope.